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Glossary

Amethyst - A precious stone consisting of a violet or purple variety of quartz.

Analog Watch - Analog watch (sometimes spelled analogue watch) is an example of a retronym. It was coined to distinguish analog watches, which had simply been called "watches", from newer digital watches; see watch and clock. The name refers to the design of the display, regardless of the timekeeping technology used within the watch.

Aquamarine - A precious stone of light blue-green colour.

Bead - A polished gemstone or decorated glass with a hole drilled all the way through. Usually styled by stringing on necklaces, bracelets or earrings.

Bronze - An alloy consisting primarily of copper, often with the addition of other metals including tin, aluminium or nickel.

Carat - A unit of weight measurement for precious stones. It is important not to confuse this with the other karat (American spelling) or carat, which is a measure of the purity of gold. 'Carat' is abbreviated to "ct."

Chronograph - A watch feature which enables accurate time recording.

Cubic Zirconia - A colourless gemstone commonly used as a simulated diamond.

Cuts (for gemstones) -

Asscher - A square emerald cut.

Baguette - A diamond cut, usually rectangular, but can also be tapered.

Brilliant - A 58 facet cut diamond. One of the most popular cuts today.

Cabochon - A cabochon is a stone that has a rounded, domed surface with no facets.

Emerald - A rectangular cut often used for emeralds (hence the name) but also for diamonds and other stones.

Marquise - A boat shaped diamond cut. Oval, but with pointed ends.

Oval - Slightly elongated circle shape.

Princess - A square-cut diamond equivalent to a brilliant cut.

Radiant - A cross between a square emerald cut and a brilliant cut.

Diamond - The hardest naturally occurring substance, this precious stone is formed of a clear and colourless crystalline form of pure carbon.

Emerald - A bright green coloured precious stone.

Eternity ring - An eternity ring is a narrow ring with a line of diamonds or other gemstones running all the way round. Commonly given as a gift to celebrate a significant life event to symbolise commitment and long lasting love.

Fastenings - Bracelets & Necklaces

There are a wide variety of necklace and bracelet fastenings all with their own special names, selected for quality of appearance, weight and balance of the jewellery:

  • Bolt Ring - The basic type of fastening for a necklace or bracelet consisting of a hollow loop with an internal spring operated catch, which is retracted then released when attached to a link at the other end of the chain.
  • Jump Ring - This is a fixed ring used to connect components of a jewellery piece, such as a necklace, and to which bolt rings may be attached.
  • Padlock - Commonly used on gate bracelets, this fastening clicks into place like it’s namesake.
  • Pearl Fastener (Barrel) - Pearls are traditionally fastened by means of a clasp, one side of which screws into the barrel of the other.
  • Trigger - A popular fastening for heavier necklace chains, also known as a karab or lobster claw clasp.
  • Magnetic - A fastening which uses mini magnets to connect components.

Faux - A term meaning imitation. For example, "faux diamonds" is often used to describe simulated diamonds.

Freshwater Pearl - These are pearls which are farmed and created using freshwater mussels.

Hematite - A dark or black coloured mineral form of iron oxide.

Palladium - A silver-white rare precious metal often used as an alternative to platinum for making white gold.

Peridot - A green coloured semi-precious stone.

Platinum - A precious, grey-white coloured metal often used in the creation of white gold.

Quartz Watch - A watch operated by vibrations of an electrically driven quartz crystal.

Rose Quartz - A translucent pink variety of a quartz stone.

Rose Gold - A mixture of pure yellow gold with a high percentage of copper produces a subtle and delicate colour of rose gold. Also known as pink gold or red gold.

Ruby - A precious stone which varies in colour from deep crimson to pale rose.

Sapphire - A transparent precious stone which is typically blue in colour.

Sterling Silver - An alloy of silver containing a silver content of 92.5% and 7.5% of other metals, usually copper.

Topaz - A precious gemstone which is typically colourless, yellow or pale blue.

Turquoise - A semi-precious stone which is typically opaque and of a green-blue or sky-blue colour.

White Gold - A material which has the same properties as yellow gold, but has been mixed with different metals, including nickel, zinc or platinum, to achieve a ‘white’ colour.

Yellow Gold - The purest colour of all the coloured gold variations, as the mineral looks golden yellow when mined in it’s purest form. 100% gold is 24 karat by definition.